Why do doctors and psychologists recommend it? How is it related to increased concentration and attention? How is it performed? How does it Work? What are the medical and therapeutic benefits of this mental state? Does it ease anxiety and chronic pain?

Hypnosis is a mental state known as a trance-like state of mind. It is also characterized as a sleep-like state in which individuals express increased attention, heightened suggestibility, focused concentration, and distinct fantasies. It is a very real process that can be used as therapeutics for anxiety, chronic pain, and stress.

Types of Hypnosis

There are different types of hypnosis:


In this type of hypnosis, the individual self-induces the relaxation state. It is usually developed to control pain and manage stress.

Guided hypnosis

In this type of hypnosis, the relaxation technique is induced by using tools such as music and recorded instructions. This is usually developed by utilizing mobile apps and online sites.


This technique is used in psychotherapy and is performed by licensed physicians. In this technique, the psychologists treat the conditions such as post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, eating disorders, and anxiety.

How is hypnosis performed?

This state of mind is developed by licensed and certified mental health professionals who are specially trained in the technique. It is usually done by using verbal repetition and mental images. It produces a particular state of consciousness in the individual by inducing deep relaxation. There are several techniques to develop this mental state. These involve Induction, Eye-fixation technique, Arm-drop technique, Progressive relaxation technique, and Imagery.


This technique is also called hypnotic induction. It is defined as the process that is used by a hypnotist to put the individual into a state where they are more open to suggestions. There are four steps to perform the induction process. These involve:

  • Close the eyes of the individual.
  • Imagine that he cannot open his eyes.
  • Try to open his eyes while pretending he cannot.
  • Relax the eyes and the whole body.

Progressive relaxation technique

In this technique, settle down the individual comfortably. Guide him to focus on breathing in and out. Relax his body so that it goes into complete relaxation.

Eye-fixation technique

In this technique, fix the gaze of the individual on some object until his eyelids become heavy and close so that the individual drifts into a state of deep relaxation.


In this technique, guide the individual for deep breathing and imagining a scene that makes him feel comfortable and safe.

Arm-drop technique

In this technique, fix the gaze of the individual on one of his fingers by keeping the forearm vertical, continue doing this, then stop when the hand of the individual becomes heavy and starts drifting downward. Thus, hypnosis is achieved when the arm starts drifting downward, and the eyes become heavy and close.

Impact of Hypnosis

The impact of hypnosis varies from person to person.

  • Some people feel extreme relaxation and a sense of detachment during a hypnotic state while other people may remain fully conscious and able to carry out conversations.
  • Some individuals feel that their performances seem to occur outside of the conscious volition.
  • The individuals may feel comfortable and pain-free.
  • Several individuals feel that they cannot be hypnotized. While some people can be more easily hypnotized.
  • Children tend to be more susceptible to hypnosis.
  • The individuals who become easily absorbed in fantasies are much more responsive to the state of hypnosis.

Benefits of hypnosis

There are several health benefits of the state of hypnosis:

Relief from anxiety

The state of hypnosis helps to ease anxiety. This hypnotic state is more effective in individuals who feel anxiety due to chronic health disorders like heart disease. A phobia that is a type of anxiety disorder may also be ameliorated by developing this state of hypnosis.

Relief from chronic pain

The state of hypnosis helps to eliminate chronic pain like the pain after surgery and from migraines such as tension headaches. Moreover, chronic pain due to sickle cell disease, arthritis, cancer, and fibromyalgia as well as lower back pain can be relieved from the state of hypnosis.

Helps you sleep well

Hypnosis enables you to sleep well if you struggle and sleepwalk with falling and staying asleep. This state can relax you enough to get you to sleep more easily. The hypnotic techniques help you enhance the extent of time you sleep and the extent of time you spent in deep sleep.

Ease irritable bowel syndrome

Hypnosis is a highly effective treatment of gastrointestinal disorders. It has been estimated that irritable bowel syndrome affects almost 25 and 45 million individuals in the United States. Hypnotherapy uses the techniques of relaxation then hypnotic suggestions help the individuals learn to control their symptoms. So, the individuals show betterment in their quality of life and decrease in the common symptoms such as bloating, constipation, abdominal pain, and diarrhea.

Make chemotherapy more tolerable

The doctors use hypnosis as an anesthetic. This mental state plays an important role in the treatment of cancer. It is also used to reduce stress and anxiety. It helps to minimize the side effects of chemotherapy like vomiting and nausea.


Kihlstrom, J. F. (1985). Hypnosis. Annual review of psychology, 36(1), 385-418.

Patterson, D. R., & Jensen, M. P. (2003). Hypnosis and clinical pain. Psychological Bulletin, 129(4), 495.

Spiegel, H., & Spiegel, D. (2008). Trance and treatment: Clinical uses of hypnosis. American Psychiatric Pub.

Lynn, S. J. E., Rhue, J. W., & Kirsch, I. E. (2010). Handbook of clinical hypnosis. American Psychological Association.

Erickson, M. H., & Rossi, E. L. (1981). Experiencing hypnosis. New York: Irvington.

Hilgard, E. R. (1975). Hypnosis. Annual Review of Psychology, 26(1), 19-44.

Hilgard, E. R., & Hilgard, J. R. (1994). Hypnosis in the relief of pain. Psychology Press.

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